Violent crime in general is decreasing. But more cops are being killed in the line of duty. According to the FBI, 72 police officers died under fire in 2011. That's up 25 percent from 2010 and up 75 percent from 2008.
"The 2011 deaths were the first time that more officers were killed by suspects than car accidents, according to data compiled by the International Association of Chiefs of Police. The number was the highest in nearly two decades, excluding those who died in the Sept. 11 attacks in 2001 and the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995," reports The New York Times.
According to a study by the John Jay College of Criminal Justice, "In many cases, the officers were trying to arrest or stop a suspect who had previously been arrested for a violent crime."
Why this spike in cop killing? Experts blame a variety of factors for the carnage: the economic depression, low manpower due to budget cuts, policies that assign more cops to the most dangerous neighborhoods, and more aggressive patrolling of those areas, including "stop and frisk" stops of people the police deem suspicious. Maybe.
I think something else is missing in analyses: the motivation of the shooter. Harsh sentencing laws are killing police officers.
Imagine that you're on parole in California, one of 24 states with "three strikes" sentencing laws. Let's say you have two prior felony convictions. It doesn't take much. One California man earned a "strike" for "violent assault"; he landed 25 years to life for stealing pizza from some kids. In Texas, a handyman who refused to refund $120.75 for a shoddy air conditioning repair landed his third strike; the U.S. Supreme Court upheld his sentence to life in prison with possible parole.
So imagine yourself in this situation:
Maybe you've got drugs in your automobile. Or you're clean, but you're not sure about what your passengers might be carrying. (In a car, one person's contraband is everyone's.) When you see flashing lights in your rearview mirror, you must choose:
Pull over and cooperate, knowing that you'll get life behind bars?
Or do you take a terrible chance, shooting the officer and making a run for it? Harsh mandatory sentencing laws like "three strikes" make killing a cop a free gamble. Who knows? You might escape. If you get caught, the sentence will be no worse than if you'd done the right thing.
A joint study by the Long Beach Police Department and California State University-Long Beach found that "in the Los Angeles area (where there is a higher concentration of repeat offenders and three-strikes prosecution has been more actively pursued), there is a notable increase in ... resisting and assaulting officers, and a significant increase (113 percent between 1996 and 2001) in two- and three-strikes crimes with a police officer victim." A 2002 study by the National Institute of Justice found that three-strike laws "increase police murders by more than 40 percent."
Remember this article the next time you get pulled over. Ask yourself: How do I feel? Odds are, the answer will involve a mixture of fear and contempt. Then imagine what you'd do if you were one arrest away from life in prison--and you had a gun.