2012 was one of the bloodiest years on record for journalists. A total of 121 reporters were killed in the last 12 months, up from 2011's death toll of 107.
The International Federation of Journalists said that Syria was the most dangerous country in the world for the media in 2012, with 35 fatalities recorded. It was followed by Somalia, and then Mexico and Pakistan. The Philippines and Iraq trailed behind those.
"The death toll for 2012 is another indictment of governments which pay lip service to the protection of journalists but have consistently failed to stop their slaughter," said IFJ President Jim Boumelh. "It is no wonder that these sky-high numbers of killed journalists have become a constant feature in the last decade, during which the usual reaction from governments and the United Nations has been a few words of condemnation, a cursory inquiry and a shrug of indifference."
The IFJ represents more than 600,000 journalists in 134 countries.
The IFJ's figure for journalists' deaths was higher than the total reported by another press group, Reporters Without Borders, which said on Dec. 19 that 88 journalists were killed in 2012. Still, despite the lower figure, RWB said that its death toll figures were the highest it had recorded in 17 years.